Contact Us

PPL Training

PPL Eğitimi

Private Pilot License Training

PPL Training is one of the first terms that come to mind for anyone interested in pursuing a career as a pilot in the aviation industry. During researching pilot training, various abbreviations are encountered and are unclear to people. Many abbreviations are used, such as ATPL, PPL, CPL, MEP, SEP, and IR. Perhaps you'll have to do a huge amount of research to figure out what these are, how they're performed, and what the training involves. Because the terms in the literature are of English origin, there are a lot of abbreviations and terms in the aviation industry.

What is PPL?

So, what does PPL mean is the first step in pilot training. The word Private Pilot License is abbreviated in English as PPL.

What is a private pilot license? What is a Private Pilot?

This aviation phrase refers to a pilot's license that allows you to operate a plane for non-commercial purposes. A private pilot is someone who holds this pilot's license. You might be asking what non-commercial flight is and why you need a private pilot's license.

This license, which stands for Private Pilot License, allows holders to fly as PIC on non-commercial flights. The types and models of aircraft that you are authorized to fly with this pilot license are also mentioned in your pilot license. In general, you can fly airplanes with a maximum take-off weight of 5,700 kg with this pilot's license. Although the implementation details vary depending on the country's relevant civil aviation authorities, the International Civil Aviation Organization sets the prerequisites for pilot licenses.

What Is a Private Pilot License Used For?

Although you won't be able to fly commercially with this pilot license, there are some other options to work. Additionally, by completing the required flight hours and training, pilots with this pilot license can obtain an FI - Flight Instructor rating. You can work as a FI in an ATO (Approved Training Organization) in this way.

Let's try to summarize for people who are curious about how to get a PPL license. To acquire this pilot license, you must first complete the required theory training by registering with an ATO approved by the DGCA - General Directorate of Civil Aviation. After that, you can complete the practical training and successfully pass your check ride to obtain your pilot license. The Private Pilot License, which is the initial stage in the commercial pilot training modules, costs around 9.000 Euros.

What is the Scope of PPL Training?

Even though this training appears to be shorter and less extensive than other training modules, it is the most crucial step in your pilot career. At this phase, you'll be improving your flying skills and learning the fundamentals of airplanes and piloting.

This fundamental training consists of theoretical, practical, and Check-Ride stages. Training is provided in 9 theory subjects throughout the theory stage and there is a total of 45 hours of flight training in the practical training phase.

PPL Theory Training Phase

There are a total of 9 subjects in the theoretical phase of this training. Some portions of the training can be offered via distance learning, or entire training can be provided face to face. After completing the course, you must accomplish the theory examinations by applying for them according to the DGCA's announced exam schedule. The theory lessons for this training can be viewed below.

  • 010 Air law
  • 020 Aircraft General Knowledge
  • 030 Flight Performance and Planning
  • 040 Human Performance
  • 050 Meteorology
  • 060 Navigation
  • 070 Operational Procedures
  • 080 Principles of Flight
  • 090 Communication

Following the PPL exam dates issued by the DGCA and passing the exams is required after finishing the Private Pilot License theory training. You can use resources like the PPL question bank and exam preparation systems to help you manage theory exams. After finishing the theory phase, you must complete the exams within 18 months, taking each exam no more than four times.

PPL Flight Training Phase

The practical flight training phase, which is the second part of this program, consists of at least 45 hours of flight. Because it is stated here that at least 45 hours of training is necessary, extra training may be required in case of failed progress checks included in this program. ATO - Approved Training Organizations, which are permitted within the DGCA-approved instruction program, can also conduct a 5-hour portion of this training with a simulator.

After completing the practical training, you should schedule a Check-Ride performed by DGCA. You can obtain a private pilot license after successfully completing the Check-Ride.

PPL License Requirements

The following are the qualifications that pilot applicants must fulfill in order to obtain this license:

  • While 16 years old is adequate to begin training, you must be 17 years old to obtain a license,
  • You must have graduated from high school or an educational institution equal to it,
  • You must have a medical certificate that is either Class 2 or Class 1,
  • ICAO Level 4 English proficiency is necessary for this training, even though additional English proficiency certifications are required for airline employment applications,
  • You must successfully complete the theory and practical training provided as part of this training,
  • You must pass the DGCA theory examinations with 75 % marks,
  • Following this course, you must pass the Check Ride.

You can contact Avian Aviation for a Private Pilot (PPL) License and anything related to flight. Contact us for detailed information.

You can take a ruler, plotter, and flight computer with you while taking the PPL theory exam. Pen, eraser and note paper are not allowed in the exam hall, as they are provided in the exam room. In addition, it is strictly forbidden to enter the exam hall with a mobile phone.

PPL is the abbreviation of the English term Private Pilot License. As the name suggests, the PPL license is a type of pilot license that provides authorization for individual use, not for commercial purposes. Pilots with this license can fly in the aircraft classes specified in their licenses as PICs without commercial purposes.

Our advice to pilot candidates who have no previous flight experience is to research in detail before flight training and get detailed information about the training content and requirements. In addition, to test your flight skills, Flight Simulator, Xplane-style applications with control equipment such as yoke, rudder, and throttle.

In PPL training, training is given with LSA (Light-Sport Aircraft) category single-engine aircraft. Among the aircraft models trained, you can see aircraft such as Cessna 150, Cessna 152, Tecnam P2002 JF, and Evektor Sportstar.

There are both theoretical parts and practical parts in the content of PPL training. The training program to be implemented is carried out according to the flight training program approved by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation of the flight training organization. However, the most important criterion to know is that you can fly for a maximum of 6 calendar days in a row. Even if the flight plans are the responsibility of the flight school, as a pilot you should follow your flight schedule and coordinate with the flight school in case of potential problems.

In the theory part of PPL training, a total of 9 courses are taken. We can list the courses within the scope of training as follows;

  • 010 Air Law
  • 020 Aircraft General Knowledge
  • 030 Flight Performance and Planning
  • 040 Human Performance
  • 050 Meteorology
  • 060 Navigation
  • 070 Operational Procedures
  • 080 Principles of Flight
  • 090 Communication

The flight training, which is the practical part of the PPL training, includes 10 hours of PIC Flight. When you complete the PPL training, you have completed 10 hours of solo flight.

Within the scope of PPL training, there is a total of 100 hours of theoretical training. Flight schools have their training programs approved by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation. Within the scope of approved training programs, a maximum of 90% of the training can be carried out in the form of distance education. At least 10% of the theoretical training must be done face to face.

The PPL Check Ride flight is the flight in which you are tested whether you have the necessary qualifications to obtain a PPL license after the successful completion of the theoretical and practical parts of the PPL training. These flights are carried out by examiners authorized by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation.

Most of the equipment that will be required during PPL training is provided by flight schools. There are equipment such as headphones, maps, Logbook, Flight Computer, Plotter, Map pen, and map holder. Before the PPL training, it is important to coordinate with your flight school to procure the equipment that is not offered within the scope of the training.

In the practical flight training part of the PPL training, you can fly for a maximum of 4 hours a day. However, the amount of flights you can fly daily depends on the approved training program of the flight school you are training in. In-flight training programs approved by the flight schools to the General Directorate of Civil Aviation, daily flights may be limited to 2 or 3 hours.

We can summarize the requirements you need to meet in order to participate in the PPL - Private Pilot License training;

  • Being at least a high school graduate,
  • Having at least a Medical Class 2 health certificate obtained from a health institution authorized by SHGM,
  • Being at least 17 years old.

Before the PPL Theory exam, you can try yourself through online exam preparation systems. Our Online Exam Preparation system, which we offer to you, will greatly benefit you in your exam preparation thanks to its advanced question category structure and analysis infrastructure.

PPL - Private Pilot License is a type of pilot license that entitles the license holder to operate as PIC on non-commercial flights. The classes of aircraft you can fly with this license are registered in your license. While you can fly single-engine airplanes with a PPL license, you can also fly multi-engine airplanes, provided that you have obtained the necessary training and are registered in your license.

With the PPL - Private Pilot License, only non-commercial flights can be performed. The monitoring and determination of these issues are carried out by DGCA, and in case of detection of violations, penalties such as suspension of the license and administrative fines may be encountered.

The validity period of the PPL - Private Pilot License is two years. You can automatically extend the validity of your license for another 2 years if you have flown for 12 hours and made 12 take-offs and landings in the last 12 months, provided that at least 6 hours have been PIC Flights. In addition, at least 1 hour of this 12-hour flight must be a training flight performed with a flight instructor.

There are approximately 1,800 questions in the question bank for the 9 courses we took within the scope of the theoretical part of the PPL - Private Pilot License training.

The questions that will appear in the theory exam of PPL - Private Pilot License training have different weighting coefficients, and some questions have 2 or 3 weight coefficients. For this reason, it is necessary to pay attention to the weight coefficients of the questions during the exam.

Before the PPL - Private Pilot License training, the Pilot Operating Handbook regarding the type of aircraft to be used in the training will be delivered to you, and if you are successful in the theory exam about the aircraft type, your practical training will start.

PPL - Private Pilot License training must be completed within a maximum of 2 years from the start of the training. However, you may need to make some additional training flights in case of a long break. In addition, long breaks will cause regression in your flying skills. For this reason, if possible, no breaks should be taken, especially during PPL training.

If you fail the Check Ride flight you will enter after the PPL - Private Pilot License training, you can make a re-check flight appointment for a later date.

The theoretical training part of the PPL - Private Pilot License is easier than the ATPL Theory training. However, it is necessary to be well prepared since it is a period when you gain basic flight information. An average of 1 month of preparation time is sufficient.

In the PPL training flight part, total of a minimum of 45 hours of flight is required. According to the approved training program of the flight school, a maximum of 5 hours of these flights can be performed on an FNTP II type simulator. In case of failure of the progress check flights included in the PPL Training program, you may need to take some additional retraining flights. For this reason, it is stated as at least 45 hours of flight.